Marjory Stoneman Douglas Excessive Faculty shooter Nikolas Cruz walks in handcuffs on the Broward County Courthouse in Fort Lauderdale on Oct. 20, 2021, after being sentenced on 4 prison counts stemming from his assault on a Broward County jail guard in November 2018. Cruz was accused of punching Sgt. Ray Beltran, wrestling him to the bottom and taking his stun gun.

David Fleshler, South Florida Solar-Sentinel

Constructing 12 nonetheless stands, an eerie presence on the campus of Marjory Stoneman Douglas Excessive Faculty.

Though nobody will attend lessons there once more, the bullet-pocked halls and lecture rooms have been preserved as a criminal offense scene, because the authorized system addresses what to do with the Parkland college killer.

The trial of Nikolas Cruz opens Monday on the seventeenth flooring of the Broward County courthouse in downtown Fort Lauderdale, with jury choice anticipated to take about two months.

The 12 jurors will resolve whether or not Cruz must be strapped to a gurney and injected with deadly chemical substances or saved alive at public expense for what might be a number of many years. He pleaded responsible final October to killing 17 folks and wounding 17 others within the Feb. 14, 2018, assault.

The trial might be unusually lengthy and unusually grueling. Prosecutor Mike Satz and his crew aren’t simply searching for the loss of life penalty — they’re searching for 17 loss of life penalties, one for every sufferer. To get that outcome, they should present how every homicide was particularly “heinous, atrocious or merciless” or dedicated in a “chilly, calculated, and premeditated method.”

From jury choice by verdict, the method is predicted to take as much as six months. Prosecutors plan to name to the stand survivors of the capturing and members of the family of these killed. They may current surveillance movies from the college. Protection attorneys plan to name witnesses to testify about Cruz’s psychological well being, his incapacity to slot in with others, and the lengthy and futile efforts to get him the precise therapy.

The trial will once more shine a highlight on a day greater than 4 years in the past, when a killer with a legally bought AR-15 rifle and an abundance of ammunition walked unchallenged onto a highschool campus and murdered 17 folks.

Killed had been Alyssa Alhadeff, 14; Scott Beigel, 35; Martin Duque, 14; Nicholas Dworet, 17; Aaron Feis, 37; Jaime Guttenberg, 14; Chris Hixon, 49; Luke Hoyer, 15; Cara Loughran, 14; Gina Montalto, 14; Joaquin Oliver, 17; Alaina Petty, 14; Meadow Pollack, 18; Helena Ramsay, 17; Alex Schachter, 14; Carmen Schentrup, 16; and Peter Wang, 15.

The assault would go away a everlasting scar on the state, becoming a member of such historic disasters as Hurricane Andrew, the Orlando nightclub capturing and later the Surfside apartment collapse in changing into an indelible a part of Florida’s reminiscence. And Parkland, an prosperous suburban neighborhood, would develop into shorthand for the mass shootings that proceed to plague the USA.

The Stoneman Douglas bloodbath would shatter households, destroy careers, give new life to the gun-control motion, and spur the transformation of colleges into fortresses.

The consequences proceed to ripple outward. Households are nonetheless dealing with their losses, gun-control supporters invoke Parkland to press for restrictions on firearms, and consultants are nonetheless assessing the effectiveness of measures to enhance college security.

However the main piece of unfinished enterprise is about to unfold within the Fort Lauderdale courtroom.

Faculty shooters in Columbine and Sandy Hook dedicated suicide on the spot. However Cruz survived, escaping unnoticed from the Stoneman Douglas campus earlier than being arrested later that afternoon. And so for the following six months or so, the main focus might be on Cruz, his 5 minutes and 32 seconds of gunfire in Constructing 12, and the cascade of misfortunes, mishaps and errors that led as much as that day.

This account, which accommodates particulars which may be disturbing to some readers, is drawn from reviews by the Marjory Stoneman Douglas Excessive Faculty Public Security Fee, 911 information, courtroom information, interviews with attorneys, courtroom proceedings, Broward County Public Colleges information, earlier Solar Sentinel articles and reviews by different information organizations.

The assault begins

About 20 minutes earlier than dismissal, as lessons began to wrap up, a compact gold Uber stopped in entrance of the college and discharged a younger man carrying a rifle bag.

His arrival caught the attention of Andrew Medina, a baseball coach and unarmed campus monitor, who acknowledged Cruz as a former pupil whom he had beforehand described as loopy sufficient to “shoot this college up.” Medina reported his presence however didn’t go after him or name for a lockdown — certainly one of a parade of missed possibilities that might develop into public within the aftermath of the bloodbath.

Cruz entered Constructing 12, eliminated his rifle from the bag and began to load. When he noticed one other pupil, he advised him, “You’d higher get out of right here. Issues are gonna begin getting messy.”

Cruz entered the first-floor hallway and began capturing, killing freshmen Martin Duque, Luke Hoyer and Gina Montalto. Then he turned his consideration to the lecture rooms.

Panic in Constructing 12

The subsequent jiffy had been a nightmare of gunshots, smoke and blaring hearth alarms. Lecturers crowded college students into the most secure corners of lecture rooms, urging them to stay silent, as they waited in dread for the killer to succeed in their door. 911 operators started to obtain whispered calls from contained in the constructing.

“Somebody’s capturing up the college at Stoneman Douglas,” a caller stated.

The dispatcher requested the caller to repeat himself.

“Marjory Stoneman Douglas Excessive Faculty is being shot up,” he stated earlier than the road went useless.

After a trainer’s name went by, the 911 system recorded her pressing whispers to college students.

“Please keep down, please keep down,” she stated. “Oh my God, oh my God, oh my God.”

The dispatcher requested a few wounded pupil slumped over a desk.

“There’s blood throughout,” the trainer stated. “He received shot within the chest. There’s smoke all in my room. My window and my door is shot in.”

On the third flooring, a fireplace alarm activated by smoke and mud from the gunshots introduced college students into hallways, and Cruz fired into the group. With lecture rooms and restrooms locked, college students had been caught within the open. Cruz took his time. He walked as much as Meadow Pollack, whom he had shot 4 occasions, and fired 5 extra bullets into her.

Attempting to avoid wasting lives

Three Stoneman Douglas employees members who had been killed all distinguished themselves of their final moments of life, making split-second choices to guard college students or confront the shooter.

Aaron Feis, soccer coach and campus monitor, was advised by a pupil that Cruz had a gun. Though he didn’t have a weapon, he raced to Constructing 12 and reached a stairwell the place Cruz shot him to loss of life.

Athletic director Chris Hixon noticed Cruz in a hallway and ran towards him in an obvious try and disarm him. Cruz shot him. The wounded athletic director crawled behind a wall however Cruz discovered him and shot him once more. On the third flooring, geography trainer and cross-country coach Scott Beigel hurriedly unlocked his classroom door and ushered college students inside, standing apart so they might get to security, leaving himself within the open. He was shot and killed.

The scene on the second flooring was marked by the quiet heroism of cool-headed lecturers who acknowledged the sharp sounds within the hallways for what they had been and took steps to maintain their college students protected.

“These sound like gunshots,” math trainer Catherine Britt advised her class. “Everybody get to the facet of the room the place we will’t be seen.”

The scholars, some sobbing with concern, crowded right into a nook with their trainer. None had been hit.

Upon listening to the pictures, math trainer Shanthi Viswanathan advised college students to lie down in a nook she had beforehand marked off as a protected area. She taped a chunk of blue development paper over the window on the classroom door and turned off the sunshine. As they huddled within the nook, they heard the doorknob rattle. However the killer, unable to get into the locked room, moved on.

Amongst college students, 15-year-old Peter Wang was shot whereas holding a door open for different college students to flee. A Junior Reserve Officer Coaching Corps cadet, he was honored with a posthumous admission to the United States Navy Academy at West Level.

After the capturing

Benefiting from the confusion, Cruz walked off college grounds, headed to Walmart and right into a Subway, the place he ordered a drink. Throughout a search of the realm, Coconut Creek Police Officer Michael Leonard noticed Cruz strolling down the road. The officer drew his gun, ordered Cruz to the bottom and positioned him underneath arrest.

That night time one other horrific scene unfolded on the Coral Springs Marriott at Heron Bay, designated because the place for households to reunite and study what occurred to family members.

As lacking college students turned up, the variety of households on the lodge diminished. One after the other, mother and father had been summoned to a smaller room for troublesome conversations. As households waited to study whether or not they could be known as, they might hear the room erupt in screams and sobs.

The failure of the Broward Sheriff’s Workplace

The response by the Broward Sheriff’s Workplace to the capturing would emerge as maybe essentially the most disgraceful episode within the company’s historical past.

Deputies hid, commanders didn’t take command, and the company’s actions revealed an absence of coaching for mass shootings that was inexcusable within the twenty first century United States.

Heading the listing was Scot Peterson, the deputy who served because the Stoneman Douglas college useful resource officer. The one armed regulation enforcement officer on the scene when the capturing began, he took cowl within the stairwell of one other constructing for 48 minutes, staying there as Cruz squeezed off pictures and wounded victims died.

However whereas Peterson drew nationwide ridicule because the “coward of Broward,” his BSO colleagues, from deputies to Sheriff Scott Israel, did little to reinforce their company’s repute.

Sgt. Brian Miller, the primary supervisor on the scene, parked, donned a bulletproof vest and hid behind his automotive, doing nothing to take command. “An absolute, whole failure,” stated Polk County Sheriff Grady Judd, a member of the state fee that investigated the capturing.

Capt. Jan Jordan, the Parkland district chief, arrived and ordered a fringe arrange, fairly than ordering deputies to search out the shooter. By many accounts, she was in over her head. Broward Lt. Stephen O’Neill known as Jordan’s speech “dream-like” and stated she “was not engaged with the issue.”

Officers from the adjoining Coral Springs Police Division, then again, rushed in, despite the fact that they arrived too late to cease the capturing.

“I made the choice to go in with my handgun,” Coral Springs Sgt. Scott Myers stated. “… I made the aware determination to run in with my handgun as an alternative of arming myself with the rifle, figuring out full-well that the rifle was one thousand occasions higher than the handgun. … I needed to make the choice that seconds mattered.”

The Broward Sheriff’s Workplace’s failures started effectively earlier than the capturing, as information got here out of missed warnings and alternatives to intervene. Within the months earlier than the assault, deputies fumbled suggestions that Cruz had accrued weapons and was threatening to shoot up a faculty.

As particulars of the Broward Sheriff’s Workplace debacle grew to become public, Sheriff Israel sealed his destiny in an embarrassing interview with CNN’s Jake Tapper. Confronted with questions on missed warnings about Cruz and the failures of his deputies that day, the sheriff heaped blame on Peterson and insisted, “I’ve given wonderful management to this company.”

“The final query, sir,” Tapper stated. “Do you assume that if the Broward Sheriff’s Workplace had carried out issues in a different way, this capturing may not have occurred?”

Israel responded with a hokey joke, a phrase which may have labored within the relaxed surroundings of a neighborhood neighborhood heart however sounded grotesque within the aftermath of the Parkland bloodbath.

“Hear,” Israel stated. “If ifs and buts had been sweet and nuts, O.J. Simpson would nonetheless be within the file books.”

Tapper didn’t crack a smile.

“I don’t know what meaning,” he stated tersely. “There’s 17 useless folks, and there’s an entire lengthy listing of issues your division may have been carried out in a different way.”

Israel’s quote about “wonderful management” appeared in headlines throughout the nation. One in all newly elected Gov. Ron DeSantis’ first acts was to droop Israel from workplace.


The day after the capturing, the mom of a 14-year-old lady killed within the assault appeared on CNN, uncooked, grieving and screaming for motion in an emotional plea to President Trump.

“How, how will we permit a gunman to come back into our youngsters’s college?” demanded Lori Alhadeff, who misplaced her daughter Alyssa. “The gunman, a loopy particular person, simply walks proper into the college, knocks down the window of my youngster’s door, and begins capturing, capturing her! And killing her! President Trump, you say what are you able to do? You may cease the weapons from moving into these kids’s fingers! Put metallic detectors at each entrance to the colleges. What are you able to do? You are able to do quite a bit!”

Within the aftermath of the bloodbath, many felt that now — lastly — the time had arrived to handle the mass shootings and on a regular basis gun violence that plagued the USA.

What emerged could be significantly lower than the sweeping gun-control measures envisioned by Stoneman Douglas college students who organized a march in Washington. However it will embody firearms restrictions which may have been unthinkable in Florida earlier than Parkland, in addition to a collection of reforms to extend college safety.

Alhadeff would develop into certainly one of two Parkland capturing sufferer members of the family to win election to the college board following the tragedy. Debbi Hixon, a schoolteacher whose husband Chris was killed, is also on the board.

In 2020 the Legislature handed Alyssa’s Regulation, named for Alhadeff’s daughter, which requires each college to put in panic buttons, or “cell panic alert techniques,” connecting them to emergency responders.

March for Our Lives

Three days after the capturing, at a rally on the federal courthouse in Fort Lauderdale, a Stoneman Douglas senior gave a speech that radiated anger on the nation’s leaders for leaving colleges weak to gun violence.

“Politicians who sit of their gilded Home and Senate seats funded by the NRA telling us nothing may have ever been carried out to forestall this, we name B.S.,” stated Emma Gonzalez, who now goes by the identify X Gonzalez. “They are saying that more durable gun legal guidelines don’t lower gun violence. We name B.S. They are saying man with a gun stops a nasty man with a gun. We name B.S. … They are saying that no legal guidelines may have been capable of stop the a whole lot of mindless tragedies which have occurred. We name B.S.”

The speech marked the emergence of a crew of pupil activists, whose arduous work, media savvy and skill to acquire help from grownup professionals put gun violence on the high of the nationwide agenda.

Lower than six weeks after the bloodbath, a whole lot of hundreds of protesters gathered in Washington for a gun-control occasion swiftly and impressively organized by Stoneman Douglas college students and their grownup allies.

They carried indicators that learn “Sufficient” and “Hey NRA How do you set MONEY earlier than the lives of youngsters?” “MSD Sturdy” and “Lives matter greater than weapons!”

Samantha Fuentes, a pupil wounded within the assault, began to learn a poem she had written known as “Sufficient,” then overcome with nerves and emotion, vomited on the lectern. She paused, gathered herself collectively, and completed studying.

In some of the highly effective speeches, Gonzalez stood silently on the microphone, then stated, “Because the time that I got here out right here, it has been 6 minutes and 20 seconds. The shooter has ceased capturing, and can quickly abandon his rifle, mix in with the scholars as they escape, and stroll free for an hour earlier than arrest. Struggle on your lives earlier than it’s another person’s job.”

Parallel rallies had been held throughout the USA, with hundreds attending occasions in South Florida.

Max Schachter, whose 14-year-old son Alex was killed within the capturing, stood earlier than the group on the Parkland rally and tried to speak about his loss.

“I might give the whole lot to have yet one more second, yet one more hour with the sweetest boy,” he stated, making an attempt to carry again his tears.

However regardless of the emotional speeches, and regardless of polls displaying the very best degree of assist for stricter gun legal guidelines in a era, the outcomes fell far wanting the scholars’ objectives. The U.S. didn’t ban assault rifles or high-capacity magazines, each favored by mass shooters. And it didn’t mandate common background checks for gun patrons.

They gained some victories. Simply three weeks after the assault, in a transfer which may have appeared inconceivable with at present’s politics, the Republican-controlled Legislature, underneath Republican Gov. Rick Scott, handed tighter gun legal guidelines.

The state banned bump shares, which might flip an assault rifle right into a machine gun. The Trump administration did the identical.

The state expanded gun purchasers’ three-day ready interval from handguns to all firearms and raised the minimal age from 18 to 21 — though there are loopholes to each and the age requirement has been challenged in courtroom by the NRA. The state adopted a “purple flag” regulation that permits authorities to grab weapons from somebody thought of a risk.

Regardless of the “By no means once more” vows of activists, mass shootings continued, in addition to the much less spectacular each day killings which are routine throughout the USA.

Three months after the Parkland capturing, a pupil opened hearth at Santa Fe Excessive in Texas, killing 10. The subsequent 12 months, a pupil at Saugus Excessive Faculty in California shot 5 folks, killing two. Final 12 months a pupil at Oxford Excessive Faculty in Michigan shot 11 folks, killing 4.

Pissed off by federal inaction, college students from the unique March for Our Lives returned to Washington March 24 on the occasion’s fourth anniversary. They laid out physique luggage on the Nationwide Mall that spelled out the phrases “Ideas and Prayers” to point what they known as the “empty phrases” political leaders have supplied instead of motion to tighten gun legal guidelines.

Faculty security reforms

State regulation and particular person college districts tightened safety after investigations revealed how Cruz, a recognized risk, walked onto campus with a rifle bag, opened the door and attacked.

The Florida Legislature required each college to have not less than one armed guard. A brand new regulation allowed lecturers to hold weapons, however solely in counties that opted in. All three South Florida counties rejected it.

Faculty districts, together with Broward, imposed single factors of entry. Fences and gates went up. Bogs had been left unlocked so college students may conceal in them. School rooms had been to be saved locked. “Onerous corners” had been marked — the place children may conceal and never be seen from the door. Bleed kits with tourniquets had been put in. Energetic shooter drills grew to become the norm. Faculty surveillance cameras had been upgraded and might be considered remotely, now, by regulation enforcement.

In mid-March, greater than 4 years after the grief-stricken Lori Alhadeff pleaded on CNN for metallic detectors at each college door, the Broward college district introduced it will begin random metallic detector screenings.

FBI errors

Though the shooter was shortly in handcuffs, it grew to become clear virtually instantly that many individuals in positions of authority hadn’t carried out their jobs. From sheriff’s deputies to FBI brokers, the listing was lengthy of people that missed the chance to intervene earlier than concern about Cruz turned to calamity.

Greater than 4 months earlier than the capturing, a bail bondsman in Mississippi reached out to the FBI after seeing one thing disturbing on-line. The person forwarded a display shot underneath a YouTube video of the phrases, from a “nikolas cruz”: “I’m going to be an expert college shooter.”

One other tip to the FBI got here the next January, when a Cruz household buddy known as to report Cruz’s disturbing Instagram posts. She spent greater than 13 minutes on the telephone giving the decision taker Cruz’s tackle, his social media handles, and explaining that she was involved about his “moving into a faculty and simply capturing the place up.”

5 weeks later, he did simply that. The FBI had fumbled each suggestions. The company later introduced it had overhauled its nationwide tip line.

Nikolas Cruz’s background

As questions sharpened over missed alternatives to intervene earlier than the capturing, particulars started to emerge of Cruz’s troublesome life.

His troubles began earlier than delivery, when his mom, who had a historical past of prison expenses and habit, was arrested for purchasing crack cocaine whereas she was pregnant with him. Born at Plantation Common Hospital, he was adopted at delivery by a pair too previous to have kids.

From early childhood, he’d been violent, offended, explosive — and obsessive about firearms. Some professionals had connected labels to him: consideration deficit hyperactivity dysfunction, emotional behavioral incapacity, melancholy, autism.

The household lived in a spacious house in Parkland, with a pool and jacuzzi. Roger Cruz was a suit-and-tie man and owned no weapons. Lynda was a stay-at-home mother. However their hopes of an idyllic late-in-life marriage and household collapsed. “Daddy’s useless,” then-5-year-old Nikolas advised his mom, crying. Roger Cruz had died of a coronary heart assault in entrance of him, a household buddy advised the South Florida Solar Sentinel.

Even at that younger age, Nikolas Cruz had confirmed incapable of becoming in. His dangerous mood and behavioral issues had been so profound, he was kicked out of daycare and referred for psychological analysis at age 3, based on information obtained by the Solar Sentinel.

His mom crammed out a preschool type that 12 months, check-marking “tries to harm others,” the college information say. The preschool director the identical 12 months wrote that he “very often injures kids. …” A 12 months later, his preschool trainer check-marked “has no buddies.”

Delayed in talking, he had problem expressing himself. Cruz was “obsessive about tigers” and different jungle animals, a trainer famous. When he was 5, lecturers reported he typically made animal sounds and attacked classmates.

“Snarling like an animal at children,” reads one observe from recess. “Threatening to harm me,” a trainer wrote.

Educated as a pupil with disabilities, Cruz yearned to attend college with college students who had no such difficulties. His want was granted when he was despatched to Marjory Stoneman Douglas Excessive.

Only one month into attendance at Stoneman Douglas, Cruz posted on Instagram his plans to “shoot up the college.” A neighbor reported it to the Broward Sheriff’s Workplace.

Within the fall, a Division of Kids and Households worker wrote that Cruz “is a weak grownup as a result of psychological sickness.” He had “contemporary cuts on each his arms” and he “acknowledged he plans to exit and purchase a gun.” The worker added “it’s unknown what he’s shopping for the gun for.”

The college-shooting risk and Cruz’s intent to purchase a gun each had been flagged to Stoneman Douglas’ college useful resource officer, Deputy Peterson, information present, who would later conceal through the capturing.

Cruz was kicked out of Marjory Stoneman Douglas on Feb. 8, 2017. Three days later, at age 18, he purchased the AR-15 that he would wield within the hallways of Constructing 12.

Within the fall of 2017, Lynda Cruz caught the flu and died of pneumonia. Her two boys had been homeless. Nobody within the prolonged household took them in.

A former neighbor introduced them to her cell house, however kicked Nikolas out quickly after. He lived with a Parkland household till, three months after his mom’s loss of life, he went on the capturing spree.

Authorized fights

Like so many tragedies, the bloodbath led to a blizzard of lawsuits. Some injured victims wished assist with medical payments.

Some notable settlements:

  • The FBI settled final November with 16 of the 17 households — one household didn’t take part within the lawsuit — for $127.5 million. The household of Martin Duque, a 14-year-old boy from Mexico who was a part of the JROTC program, selected to not be a part of the federal lawsuit.
  • The Broward Faculty board agreed to pay $25 million to 51 plaintiffs — 17 whose members of the family died, 16 injured, and 19 struggling trauma. The district, in a separate settlement, additionally agreed to pay $1.25 million to the seventeenth surviving capturing sufferer Anthony Borges.
  • Kimberly and James Snead, who took Cruz in to their Parkland house and didn’t preserve him from accessing his assault rifle, settled quite a lot of civil lawsuits in 2020 with a public apology and settlement not to discuss or financially profit from their story.

The lawsuits proceed. This 12 months, 9 lawsuits had been filed by college students or lecturers towards Cruz, the Broward Sheriff’s Workplace, the college district, Scot Peterson, and in some instances, campus monitor Andrew Medina.

Broward college Superintendent Robert Runcie resisted calls for that he step down after the capturing. However in April, going through a perjury cost over grand jury testimony in an investigation of faculty contracts, he resigned.

The district’s in-house legal professional, Barbara Myrick, who with Runcie labored to withhold info on the capturing and fought victims’ mother and father, additionally agreed to give up after being indicted on expenses of illegally disclosing grand jury info.

Each pleaded not responsible.

Underneath their management, the district had gone to courtroom to carry South Florida Solar Sentinel journalists in contempt for publishing details about Cruz that the college district inadvertently supplied in a pc file by which the confidential info hadn’t been correctly redacted.

Broward Circuit Choose Elizabeth Scherer, who’s presiding over the Cruz case, blasted the newspaper however later dominated towards the contempt movement. Journalists throughout the nation filed a quick supporting the Solar Sentinel. The Solar Sentinel was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for its protection of the capturing and the failures that led as much as it.

The seek for jurors

A choice to execute Cruz, now 23 years previous, have to be unanimous. Underneath Florida, a single holdout would stop the choose from imposing the loss of life penalty.

Choose Scherer, a former prosecutor, will work with prosecutors and protection attorneys throughout a interval they’re calling “pre-selection” to weed out potential jurors who’re unable to serve due to time commitments and people who know they can’t be neutral relating to a determine as polarizing because the defendant.

From the remaining pool, a dozen jurors are wanted, in addition to eight alternates.

Jurors may begin listening to proof someday in Might, based on time frames mentioned by attorneys in courtroom. Prosecutors count on to take about six weeks to current their case. The protection crew has supplied no time estimate, however in prison trials, the protection sometimes takes much less time than the prosecution.

At the moment, Cruz lives in a maximum-security cell on the Broward County Principal Jail subsequent to the courthouse in downtown Fort Lauderdale.

Whereas in jail, about 9 months after the bloodbath, Cruz assaulted a guard, wrestling him to the ground and seizing his stun gun. The guard lastly subdued him, and Cruz was charged with battery on a regulation enforcement officer.

The aftermath of that assault suggests the problem of seating a jury. Final September, when it appeared Cruz could be tried within the jail assault case, a number of potential jurors had been known as to the courtroom. After they realized the id of the defendant, some burst into tears.

David Fleshler might be reached at and 954-356-4535. Comply with him on Twitter @DavidFleshler. Rafael Olmeda might be reached at or 954-356-4457. Comply with him on Twitter @rolmeda. Brittany Wallman might be reached at and 954-356-4541. Comply with her on Twitter @brittanywallman.

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