KYIV ($1=36.73 Ukrainian Hryvnias) — The skies above the territories not occupied by Russia within the Kharkiv area of Ukraine are guarded by two fully completely different air protection methods. The Ukrainian on-line portal mil.in.ua says that in joint work the Ukrainian armed forces harnessed the German Gepard SPAAG and the Soviet Osa-AKM SAM, which is in service in Ukraine.

Germany might deliver 35mm autocannon Gepard SPAAG to Ukraine
Photograph credit score: MilitaryLeak

The 2 methods are fully incompatible when it comes to expertise, information transmission, radars used, and performance. Ammo can’t be suitable both. Nonetheless, the dearth of supply of high quality air protection methods forces the command of the Ukrainian military in Kharkiv to make related choices.

Most certainly, the Gepard SPAAG is designed for low-flying enemy targets. This implies drones or loitering ammunition. Relying on altitude, Russian plane and helicopters may additionally come inside vary of the system. Nonetheless, the German Cheetah has a most vary of as much as 4 km however is most helpful at its minimal vary, which begins at 100 meters. Osa-AKM can also be a low-altitude, short-range tactical surface-to-air missile system, however helicopters, planes, and fighters are inside its vary a minimum of at a distance of 13-15 km.

Thus, the Ukrainian armed forces use two completely different methods in opposition to objects flying at completely different heights.

There have been issues

The Ukrainians reported at present that they have already got 30 such installations and a minimum of about 50,000 35mm ammunition for them. However that was not the scenario firstly and center of the yr.

As BulgarianMilitary.com has repeatedly written, the primary deliveries of Gepard arrived with out ammunition. Thus rendered ineffective. It turned out, in line with German media, that the 35mm ammunition was exhausted within the German warehouses and Berlin was compelled to search for different suppliers.

Thus, a Norwegian producer of 35mm shells appeared later. However later it was discovered that the Norwegian ammunition isn’t acknowledged by the weapon system and it can not fireplace them. Sources declare that joint exams of Gepard SPAAG ammunition and anti-aircraft self-propelled weapons befell in Germany.

Germany-seeks-35mm-ammunition,-otherwise-SPAAG-for-Ukraine-is-useless
Photograph: Roberto Caiafa

The issue was later resolved on the finish of August when the ammunition grew to become suitable with the German system and went to Ukraine.

Gepard 1A2 SPAAG

Germany might deliver 35mm autocannon Gepard SPAAG to Ukraine
Photograph credit score: Wikipedia

That is an all-weather-capable German self-propelled anti-aircraft gun [SPAAG] at low altitude. It was developed on the chassis of the Leopard 1 tank and is supplied with 2 × 35 mm Oerlikon GDF autocannon, every with 320 rounds of anti-air ammunition and 20 rounds of anti-tank, 2 × quads 76mm smoke grenade dischargers.

Gepard 1A2 SPAAG, which has a hearth management radar and a search radar, is designed to conduct air protection of troops at very shut distances and altitudes. The system, which has been modernized many occasions earlier than the 2000s, nonetheless features within the stock of many nations. The SPAAG is powered by a 10-cylinder, 37,400 cc [2,280 cu in] MTU multi-fuel engine provides an influence of 830 HP [819 hp, 610 kW].

The methods faraway from the Bundeswehr stock in 2010 at the moment are in KMW’s warehouses. It’s assumed that Gepards, which might be delivered to Ukraine, might be despatched from the warehouses of KMW. KMW had beforehand provided to ship its Gepards to Ukraine, however this provide was rejected by the German authorities.

9K33M3 Osa-AKM SAM

Ukraine to receive Strela-3 MANPADS, 9K33 Osa, and S-300 SAMs
Photograph credit score: Wikipedia

9K33 Osa is a extremely cell, low-altitude, short-range tactical surface-to-air missile system developed through the Soviet period within the late 6’s and early 70’s of the final century. The system has in depth confirmed fight expertise, having participated in virtually all navy conflicts from the Eighties to the current day, together with the latest navy operations in Nagorno-Karabakh, Syria, and the Libyan civil warfare in 2020.

In line with unofficial data, a complete of 1,200 models of this technique have been constructed. It’s powered by a D20K300 diesel engine, which supplies a prime velocity of 80 km / h. 9K33 Osa weighs 17.5 tons and features a crew of 5 troopers. The armament of the 9K33 Osa consists of 6 9M33, 9M33M1, 9M33M2, or 9M33M3 missiles that guarantee an operational vary of 30 km. At present, 9K33 Osa is in service in 24 nations in Asia, Africa, and Europe.

9K33M3 Osa-AKM [US DoD designation SA-8B Gecko Mod-1] with TELAR 9A33BM3 and missiles 9M33M3 was launched in 1980 with the utmost vary prolonged to fifteen km [9.3 mi] and most altitude to 12 km [40,000 ft]. Most OSA-AKM methods additionally function an IFF antenna.

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